This is a three-story, rectangular, concrete frame building with masonry infill walls and a partial basement. ...

Prepared By: Sarah Bettinger
Occupancy: Commercial
Year Built: 1960
Number of stories: 3
Stories below ground: unknown
Original Code:
Modification: none
Year Modified: N/A
Code of Modification: N/A
Lateral Load System: Frames with Masonry Infill
Other Load System:
Vertical Load System: Slabl_Beams_Columns
Other Vertical Load System:
Foundation : Spread Footings
Other Foundation :
Country: United States
State: California
City: Northridge
Street: 8500 Balboa Boulevard
Latitude: 34.22
Longitude: -118.5


Harman Intl Conc

Earthquake Information



Earthquake Date 34351
Moment Magnitude 6.7
Epicentral Distance 4
Local Intensity
Site Description
PGA Lateral 0.458 (g)
PGA Vertical None (g)
Ground motion recording stations LABSN Station 00003, 17645 Saticoy St., Northridge, CA
Distance to station 2.5
Station Latitude 34.2
Station Longitude -118.517
Ground Motion Summary The earthquake occurred along the Pico thrust fault, a previously undiscovered Northridge blind thrust fault, and produced some of the strongest ground motions ever recorded in North America. The earthquake started at the down-dip, southeastern corner of the Pico fault plane and ruptured up northwest approximately 15 km, with no evidence of slip above 7 km below the earth's surface. The hypocenter is believed to lie at a depth of about 19 km km at a location of 34.213, -118.537. An overall maximum horizontal ground acceleration of 1.93g was recorded at Tarzana, about 11.2 km from the epicenter.


Damage Information



Performance summary

The building was damaged during the earthquake, but not severely.

Damage state description

The only noted damage was a series of minor diagonal shear cracks.

Summary of causes of damage

Only minor damage was observed.

Observed Design and Construction Characteristics


Construction Quality

MaterialsNotesContribution to Damage
Reinforcing steel

ExecutionNotesContribution to Damage
Conveyance/placement of concrete
Field variance with design documents
OtherNotesContribution to Damage
Other Factors Construction Quality


Plan IrregularitiesNotesContribution to Damage
Perimeter boundary
Out-of-plane offsets in lateral resisting system
Non-orthogonal systems

Vertical IrregularitiesNotesContribution to Damage
Soft story
Weak story
Geometric variablility of lateral resisting system
In-plane discontinuity of lateral resisting system
Mass distribution
Change in stiffness

OtherNotesContribution to Damage
Other Factors Configuration

Lateral Load Resisting System‐General

StrengthNotesContribution to Damage
Overall lack of strength

StiffnessNotesContribution to Damage
Extreme Flexibility

Load PathNotesContribution to Damage
Anchorage of nonstructural elements
Out-of-plane capacity of walls
Diaphragm chords
Diaphragm openings

OtherNotesContribution to Damage
Other Factors Lateral Load Resisting System-General

Lateral Load Resisting System‐Frames

ColumnsNotesContribution to Damage
Shear strength
Flexural strength
Axial load ratio
Vertical load columns drift capacity
Interference of frame action by infill

BeamsNotesContribution to Damage
Strength relative to columns
Shear controlled behavior
Continuity of longitudinal reinforcing
Loss of vertical capacity
Interference of frame action by infill beams

JointsNotesContribution to Damage

OtherNotesContribution to Damage
Other Factors Lateral Load Resisting System-Frames

Lateral Load Resisting System‐Shear Walls

ShearNotesContribution to Damage
Diagonal tension/compression Series of minor diagonal shear cracks
Sliding Shear

FlexureNotesContribution to Damage
Compression zone buckling capacity
Discontinuity of wall No discontinuity of walls.
Boundary reinforcing fracture/buckling
Boundary Reinforcing at openings

OtherNotesContribution to Damage
Other Factors Lateral Load Resisting System-Shear Walls

Lateral Load Resisting System‐Infills

InfillsNotesContribution to Damage
Interference with frame action
Out of plane
Attachment to framing

OtherNotesContribution to Damage
Other Factors Lateral Load Resisting Systems-Infills

Lateral Load Resisting System‐Other

FoundationsNotesContribution to Damage
Liquefaction Liquefaction zone in the area; piles for 3-story building. Might have been a concern. Likely did not contribute to damage, if present.
Surface Rupture

OtherNotesContribution to Damage
Pile/Pier tension capacity

MiscellaneousNotesContribution to Damage
Spread footing capacity
Other Factors Lateral Load Resisting Systems-Other-Foundations

OtherNotesContribution to Damage
Other Factors Lateral Load Resisting Systems-Other-Misc

Repair and Retrofit Information



Type of Retrofit or Repair

Improved Performance

Other Retrofit or Repair

Performance Level


Hazard Level


Retrofit or Repair Code


Other Retrofit or Repair Code

Recommendations call for badly damaged walls to be rebuilt to current code. (1995)

Lateral Analysis


Other Lateral Analysis

Design Strategy

Retrofit Summary

Osteraas, John, and Peter Somers, 1996. Reinforced Concrete Structures.Earthquake Spectra,11, Supplement C, Vol. 2, 5253.
Earthquake Engineering Field Investigation Team (EEFIT), 1994. The Northridge, California Earthquake of 17 January 1994: A Field Report by EEFIT. EEFIT, Institute of Structural Engineers.
United States Geological Survey (USGS), 2009.CISN ShakeMap for Northridge Earthquake, (9 July 2012).
United States Geological Survey (USGS), 2009.CISN Peak Accel. (in %g) for Northridge Earthquake, (9 July 2012).
Hauksson, Egill, 1996. Seismology.Earthquake Spectra,11, Supplement C, Vol. 2, 1-12.

Nabih Youssef Associates. Interview, professional expertise, photos, drawings. August 17, 2012.